Airborne Stability of Simian Virus 40

The influence of relative humidity on the airborne survival of simian virus 40 (SV40) was studied by allowing virus aerosols to age in rotating drums at 21 or 32 C and at a relative humidity (RH) value ranging from 22 to 88%. Airborne SV40 virus was stable at every RH tested at 21 C, but aerosols maintained at 32 C were inactivated within 60 min at mid-range RH values. The unusual stability at 21 C over a broad RH range indicates that potentially biohazardous situations may occur under laboratory conditions if this virus becomes accidentally airborne.